Why Stop Turów
Turów lignite mine is located in the South-West part of Lower Silesia in Poland, in the Bogatynia commune, which is a small Polish territory extending to South like a headland, surrounded from each side by Czechia and Germany. Because of this specific geography and large deposits of lignite, this piece of land has been for 70 years designated for mining and energy production and has been providing benefits to Polish economy, while most of the negative effects have been impacting the neighbouring countries.
The extraction of coal from the Turów mine began in 1947. In the past, an average of 12 million tons of lignite per year have been extracted here, but in recent years the output has been falling. In 2018 it amounted to 6,593,000 tons - nearly 50% below the long-term average.
At the end of 2017, the mine held 302,540,000 tons of industrial lignite reserves. At the end of 2018 the industrial reserves of the Turów deposit amounted to 294,475,000 tons.
The Turów mine used to have a mining license valid only until April 2020, but on 20.03.2020 the licence was prolonged by 6 years. The mine's owner, PGE, is now seeking to extend the exploitation of the lignite deposit until 2044. At the same time, the mine is to be enlarged and approach 150-200 m to the border with the Czech Republic. The area of the extended opencast is to reach over 3,400 ha, and the yearly output is estimated at 9-11.5 million tons of coal by 2030 with a downward trend to 3.5-7 million tons between 2038 and 2044 (assuming that the concession will be extended for these years). The depth of the Turów mine will also increase - the bottom of the excavation is to be deepened even to 30 metres below the level of the Baltic Sea according to the TEIA documentation